- The "old funds" of the National Schools of Architecture (ENSA)
These are old and / or precious books, from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, transmitted by the libraries of architecture studios of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris (before 1968) or regional schools of art. architecture, but also acquired or donated books.
These collections are relatively unknown hence the need for this synthetic presentation.
This work is also part of the HEnsA20 research program - History of Architectural Education in the 20th Century (History and Architecture Department of the Directorate General of Heritage, Ministry of Culture)
NB: old journals will be presented in the publications tab.
Noémie Lesquins, « La bibliothèque de l’atelier Pontremoli : fragments d’histoire des bibliothèques des ateliers d’architecture de l’École des beaux-arts » in Le livre d'architecture, XVe-XXe siècle : Édition, représentations et bibliothèques, École nationale des chartes, 2002, p. 199-245
Béatrice Gaillard, Jörn Garleff « Les bibliothèques d’ateliers des Beaux-Arts à Versailles redécouvertes » in eaV , n°14, 2008 / 2009, p 22-43
Jean-Philippe Garric, « Bibliothèques d’atelier », in Jean-Philippe Garric (dir.), Bibliothèques d’atelier. Édition et enseignement de l’architecture, Paris 1785-1871, Paris, INHA, 2011/ Consulter l'article
Franck Storne, « La bibliothèque (1921-1968) », in Anne-Marie Châtelet et Franck Storne (dir.), Des Beaux-arts à l’Université. Enseigner l’architecture à Strasbourg, Paris, Editions Recherches, 2013, p. 82-93
Guy Lambert, « La pédagogie de l’atelier dans l’enseignement de l’architecture en France aux XIXe et XXe siècles, une approche culturelle et matérielle », in Perspective n°, 1, 2014 / Consulter l'article
Isabelle Bradel et Béatrice Gaillard, « Ceci fera vivre cela : la transition de 1968 vue par les bibliothèques » in HensA20, novembre 2016, p.15-18 / Consulter l'article
Jacqueline Falise, François Zenker, « A travers les collections de sa médiathèque, l'histoire de l'enseignement à l'Ecole d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux » in Transversale, n°1, 2016, p. 18-28
- Collections by library
The library has an old fund corresponding to donations from the School of Fine Arts in Bordeaux (454 books) and the Museum of Fine Arts in Bordeaux (28 books), a number of books are stamped Workshop Ferret. In addition, it owns the Pierre Lajus fonds, on the detached house (1964-1999) and the Jungmann fund (Aérolande, Utopie)
The old collection consists of about 1400 books, 2/3 from the library of the Regional School of Architecture (they date mostly from the late 19th / early 20th century, including many very large boards). Architectural works from the 1930s to the 1970s have enriched it over the years.
The old collection consists of 757 works, 300 dating from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Part of it comes mainly from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Montpellier and another from a purchase. For the period of publication from 1921 to 1950, the fonds contains 457 documents. Domains concerned: history of construction (encyclopedia during construction), architecture, typology of buildings, history of the navy, history of art, sculpture, Greek architecture, history of locomotion on land (1936) and regional.
The old collection is mainly from the library of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Nantes. Since the 1970s, this fund has been regularly enriched by donations made by private individuals (former architects, former teachers and others). It includes nearly 1000 books dating mainly from the 19th (20% of the fund) and 20th century, until the 1970s (80% of the fund).
This fund has recently been enriched by a large donation made by a teacher-researcher at ENSA Nantes. This is the collection of Guides Joanne, ancestors of the Blue Guides, published between 1841 and 1920 and which includes more than 400 books.
The old collection originated from the books on architecture which the library of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts wished to dispose of during the education reform of 1968. Some of these books bear stamps and / or workshop stamps: "Regional School of Architecture", "National School of Fine Arts", and / or workshop stamps: Atelier Questel, Pascal, Deglane ... Another series corresponds to books from the school architecture workshop, stamped Atelier Mienville, Atelier La Mâche-Folliasson, or the famous stamp "Stolen at the workshop". In 1988, about forty books from the architect Hornecker are included in this old fund. In 1998, it is the fund of the agency Bourgon which increases the library of 77 books. Other donations have enriched the fund as opportunities arise. In 2016, the old fund had 780 books ranging from 1725 to the 1960s.
The old fund contains more than 750 documents. An average of 25 books are purchased per year. It groups together unique works or those existing only in small numbers, or presenting a particular regional and / or patrimonial interest in the history of the architecture, the urbanism or the landscape. The acquisition policy is oriented in three directions: the architectural history and regional planning of the Normandy region; urban planning and particularly urban morphology issues; modern architecture.
ENSA Paris Belleville
The old fund consists of 600 books acquired by the school over the years and a large collection of books that belonged to Bernard Huet, acquired in 2002. The old collection consists of works from the seventeenth century to the years 1950.
ENSA Paris La-Villette
The library has a small old fund that must be studied: books of the 18th century and 19th. some of which are stamped and probably from the library of Fine Arts in Paris.
ENSA Paris Malaquais
The library keeps a collection of about 150 books from the libraries of the architecture studios of the Ecole de Beaux-Arts in Paris. After 1968 these books partly integrated the library of UP5 and then the ex-school of architecture of Paris-La Défense. Others remained on the spot in the library of UP1 then the ex-school of architecture of Paris-Villemin. Most of these books are stamped: Atelier André; Bernard Workshop; Bigot workshop; Candilis Josic Workshop; Gillet Johannet workshop; Lods Hermant Workshop; Moyaux workshop; At. Pingusson; Pontremoli Workshop; Umbdenstock Tournon Workshop; Vaudremer-Raulin-Heraud Workshop; Vivien Workshop
The library has an ancient collection of 305 documents, extremely valuable, entirely cataloged, to consult on site, consisting of books on local history, the history of urban planning, encyclopaedias of architecture .... The oldest are from 1850. The contents of this collection reveal the trends that prevailed in the nineteenth century in the field of architectural publishing, a concern for a didactic part, clearly expressed in the architectural treatises, but also , support of the theoretical debate where the authors expose their vision of architecture. Through the reading of this set are read the editorial wealth of an era and the expression of the various currents of thought and debates that animate the architecture.
The library maintains an "old fund", called the "Treasury". It is none other than the library of the Regional School of Architecture of Strasbourg, constituted by the first director of the School, Robert Danis, and managed by the general secretary, the architect René Geyer. The initial fund created during the creation of the School in 1921 was greatly enriched by the publications of the inter-war period. After the war the fund has grown relatively little. It forms a set of a thousand monographs, in addition to about 60 works by the students of the workshop, with the mention: "Stolen from the workshop" or "Atelier Sacquin-Herrenschmidt". Most of these books were published in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.
ENSA owns the library of Georges Candilis (1913-1995) given in the 1970s.
The library keeps 754 old or reference books, which come for a large part from the libraries of the old Gromort-Arretche and Beaudouin workshops, brought to UP3 when it was created. Many books bear a stamp which refers to other workshops: Umbdenstosck, Moyaux, Perret, Questel, etc. 18 books bear the André stamp, 17 Paulin, 1 Expert, without anyone being able to know how they arrived in the Gromort or Beaudouin fonds. Among the "architectural competitions" preserved some come from the Municipal Library of Rouen and bear the stamp of the workshop Ferray. The Oise archives also gave 19 old books: Vasseur-Loiseaux fonds.